CODE | COURSE NAME | CREDIT |
---|---|---|

KYM501 | Transport Phenomena I | (30)3 |

KYM502 | Transport Phenomena II | (30)3 |

KYM503 | Biochemical and Chemical Reactor Design | (30)3 |

KYM504 | Kinetics and Technology of Enzymes | (30)3 |

KYM505 | Mass Transfer | (30)3 |

KYM506 | Molecular Design Of Industrial Biotechnological Products | (30)3 |

KYM507 | Biochemical Production Using Plant Cells | (30)3 |

KYM508 | Chemical Engineering Mathematics | (30)3 |

KYM509 | Process Control I | (30)3 |

KYM510 | Thermodynamics | (30)3 |

KYM511 | Reaction Engineering | (30)3 |

KYM512 | Linear Control Systems | (30)3 |

KYM513 | Process Optimization | (30)3 |

KYM514 | Heterogeneous Catalysis | (30)3 |

KYM515 | Model Based Process Control | (30)3 |

KYM516 | Energy Technology | (30)3 |

KYM517 | Biochemical Reaction Engineering | (30)3 |

KYM518 | Bioseparation Processes | (30)3 |

KYM519 | Biotransformation Processes | (30)3 |

KYM521 | Particle Technology and Froth Flotation | (30)3 |

KYM522 | Air Pollution and Air Quality Control | (30)3 |

KYM523 | Fluid Mechanics | (30)3 |

KYM524 | Process Analysis | (30)3 |

KYM526 | Heat Transfer | (30)3 |

KYM527 | Integrated Solid Waste Management I | (30)3 |

KYM528 | Integrated Solid Waste Management II | (30)3 |

KYM529 | Process Control II | (30)3 |

KYM530 | Environmental Impact Assessment | (30)3 |

KYM531 | Fluidization | (30)3 |

KYM532 | Petroleum Refinery Engineering | (30)3 |

KYM533 | Multicomponent Distillation | (30)3 |

KYM534 | Coal Technology | (30)3 |

KYM535 | Petrochemical Technology | (30)3 |

KYM536 | Polymer Technologyi | (30)3 |

KYM538 | Soil Base Technology | (30)3 |

KYM539 | Data Analysis Techniques | (30)3 |

KYM541 | Measuring and Control Systems | (30)3 |

KYM542 | Process Identification and Parameter Estimation | (30)3 |

KYM543 | Water Pollution Control and Coastal Engineering | (30)3 |

KYM544 | Self Tuning Control Systems | (30)3 |

KYM545 | Applied Numerical Analysis | (30)3 |

KYM547 | Industrial Raw Materials | (30)3 |

KYM548 | Supercritical Fluid Technology | (30)3 |

KYM549 | Multiphase Reactors | (30)3 |

**COURSE CONTENTS**

**KYM501 Transport PhenomenaI (3-0)3**

Vector operations. Momentum transport; Newton’s law, derivation and applications of continuity equation and the equation of motion. Energy transport; Fourier’s law, derivation and application of energy balances, heat conduction in solids, the equations of energy. Mass transport; Fick’s law, concentration distributions in solids and in laminar flow, the equations of change. Mass transfer with chemical reactions. Simultaneous momentum, heat and mass transfer. Introduction to transport in turbulent flow.

**KYM502 Transport Phenomena II (3-0)3**

Momentum, heat, and mass transfer in multiphase, multicomponent systems. Transport in porous media. Derivation of the volume-averaging theorem. Diffusion, adsorption, and reaction in porous media. Darcy’s law for one and two-phase flow in porous media. Dispersion in porous media.

**KYM503 Biochemical and Chemical Reactor Design(3-0)3**

Analysis of the influences of hydrodynamics, kinetics, mass transfer and thermal effects on the reactor and bioreactor performance. Types and choice of reactors and bioreactors. Design principles and design.

**KYM504 Kinetics and Technology of Enzymes (3-0)3**

Kinetic mechanisms; properties and analysis. Stability of enzymes; physicochemical and chemical methods and their mechanisms enhancing the biocatalytic stability of the bioproduct at the production stage.

**KYM505 Mass Transfer(3-0)3**

Mechanism and theory of mass transport. Transfer under laminar and turbulent flow conditions and with large fluxes. Mass transfer and simultaneous chemical reaction. Multicomponent systems. Applications in specific unit operations.

**KYM506 Molecular Design Of Industrial Biotechnological Products(3-0)3**

Structure, reactivity, conformation and functional mechanisms of biological macromolecules emphasizing proteins and enzymes. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell properties, and relationship to biocatalytic functions and their development. Molecular design of enzymes. Other topics: adsorption, denaturation, and stability of proteins; intracellular transport phenomena, interfacial processes, etc., investigation of biochemical and biophysical phenomena concerning industrial biotechnological processes.

**KYM507 Biochemical Production Using Plant Cells (3-0)3**

Description of plant cells and metabolic pathways. Growth kinetics of plant cells. Secondary metabolite production mechanisms using plant cells. Bioreactors used for plant cells. Secondary metabolite production using immobilized plant cells.

**KYM508 Chemical Engineering Mathematics (3-0)3**

Linear processes. Vectorial analysis. Laplace transform, basic and advanced properties. Application of differential equations to chemical engineering problems. Line and surface integrals, matrices and determinants, vectors and coordinate systems. Optimization theory, Lagrange multipliers.

**KYM509 Process Control I (3-0)3**

Brief review of basic concepts in process control. Complete feedback control system. Dynamic characteristics of controllers and final control elements. Closed loop overall transfer functions. Stability analysis of feedback control systems. Design of feedback controllers using simple and time-integral performance criteria and process reaction curve method. Frequency response analysis of linear processes. Introduction to digital control loops, conversion of continuous to discrete-time models.

**KYM510 Thermodynamics (3-0)3**

Application of thermodynamics principles to chemical engineering systems, engineering equation of state, departure functions, thermodynamics of non-ideal fluids and solutions, activity models, phase equilibria, multicomponent systems, thermodynamics of chemical equilibrium.

**KYM511 Reaction Engineering (3-0)3**

Mathematical analysis of transport processes in reactor: mass, energy and momentum equations. Nature of dispersion coefficients. Interphase diffusion and reaction in heterogeneous systems; analysis of interphase effectiveness. Intraphase diffusion and reaction; analysis of intraphase effectiveness.

**KYM512 Linear Control Systems (3-0)3**

Introduction, elementary matrix theory, state variables and state equations for chemical processes. Time response of linear systems, controllability, observability, optimal control, stability analysis, analysis of discrete-time linear systems.

**KYM512 Doğrusal Kontrol Sistemleri (3-0)3**

Giriş, temel matris teorisi, kimyasal prosesler için hal değişkenleri ve hal eşitlikleri. Doğrusal sistemlerin zaman yanıtımı, doğrusal kontrol sistemleri, gözlenebilirlik, kontrol edilebilirlik, optimal kontrol, kararlılık analizi, kesikli zamanlı doğrusal sistemlerin analizi.

**KYM513 Process Optimization (3-0)3**

Linear programming and applications. Nonlinear programming with constraints. Lagrange multiplier, quadratic programming and GRG methods. Optimization of staged and discrete processes. Integer and mixed-integer programming. Applications of optimization in process industries (heat transfer systems, separation processes, chemical reactor design and operation, process control).

**KYM514 Heterogeneous Catalysis (3-0)3**

Principles and mechanism of catalysis, surface chemistry, physical properties of porous catalysts. Reaction mechanisms of catalytic reactions. Conservation equations in heterogeneous systems. Intrapellet transport, effectiveness factor, applications to heterogeneous catalytic reactor design.

**KYM515 Model Based Process Control (3-0)3**

Process identification. IMC and state feedback implementation. Model predictive control (SISO and MIMO DMC Control Algorithms, Newton-type Controllers). Constrained control. Inferential control. State Estimation Techniques, Kalman Filtering. Control under model uncertainty.

**KYM516 Energy Technology (3-0)3**

Combustion systems for solid, liquid and gas fuels. Methods for improving combustion properties of solid fuels. Technical and economical considerations energy utilization. Local and central heating systems. Energy balances. Industrial heat exchanging equipment. Insulation.

**KYM517 Biochemical Reaction Engineering (3-0)3**

Macrokinetics of bioreactions and interaction of biological, chemical and physical processes and analysis of cell growth, product formation, transport processes and surface phenomena in bioreactors. Mathematical analysis of gas-liquid-solid/biocatalytic reaction systems and bioreactor configurations. Intraphase effectiveness of biocatalysts.

**KYM518 Bioseparation Processes (3-0)3**

The fundamental problems of separation operations important to the recovery of products from biological processes. Kinetics and engineering of medium sterilization. New technologies to separate both large and small molecules from aqueous media. Membrane filtration, ultrafiltration, reverse-osmosis, ionexchange, chromatography, centrifugation, and electrochemical separations.

**KYM519 Gasification and Gas Producers (3-0)3**

The gasification mechanism, fundamental equations, the equilibrium constants. Gas composition at equilibrium, methods and calculations, heat balances. Gas producer performance, influence of moisture content, effect of preheating the blast, recycling off-gas. Fixed-bed, entrainment, fluidized-bed. Advanced gas producers, pressurized systems, catalytic gasifiers.

**KYM520 Combustion (3-0)3**

Combustion equilibrium, chemical kinetic, mechanism of combustion reactions. Laminar flame, combustion in turbulent flow, combustion of H2 and CO, combustion of CH4, explosion and detonation. Combustion of sprays, combustion of volatile matter, combustion of char, fluidized-bed combustion, fixed bed combustion. Excess O2 vs. CO2 in stack gases, heat losses by unburnt material. Environmental aspect of combustion.

**KYM521 Particulate Technology and Froth Flotation (3-0)3**

Size reduction and particle size distribution. Particle surface area, particle pore size distribution. Particle surface charge and electrokinetic phenomena. Reagent adsorption on particles. Froth flotation and froth structure. Factors determining foam stability. Three phase froth flotation. Flotation models.

**KYM522 Air Pollution and Air Quality Control (3-0)3**

Sources of air pollution and classification of air pollutants. Effects of air pollution. Measurement and monitoring of air pollution. Transport and dispersion of air pollutants. Air pollution criteria and standards. Engineering control of air pollution.

**KYM523 Fluid Mechanics (3-0)3**

Ideal fluids, Euler’s equation, Bernouilli equation, Kelvin’s theorem, irrational motion, Stoke’s stream function, vorticity. Analytical and numerical solutions of Navier- Stokes equation. Creeping flow equation, introduction to lubrication theory. Vorticity transport equation, laminar boundary layers, turbulent boundary layers. Introduction to turbulence.

**KYM524 Process Analysis (3-0)3**

Basic concepts of analysis in chemical engineering. Solution of algebraic and ordinary differential equations. Modelling of chemical engineering systems with examples in multicomponent vapor-liquid equilibrium and staged operations.

**KYM525 Industrial Water Pollution Control (3-0)3**

Source and characteristics of industrial wastewaters. Water quality criteria and standards. Physical and chemical wastewater treatment technologies. Water treatment technologies. Wastewater reclamation and reuse. Advanced treatment processes.

**KYM526 Heat Transfer(3-0)3**

Basic equations for steady, unsteady, multidimensional conduction, convection in different geometries. Laminar, free and forced convection, turbulent convection. Analogy between heat and momentum transfer. Radiative energy transfer.

**KYM527 Integrated Solid Waste Management I (3-0)3**

Introduction to solid waste management. Sources, composition, and properties of solid waste, solid waste generation rates. Solid waste handling, separation, storage, and processing at the source. Hazardous wastes and disposal methods.

**KYM528 Integrated Solid Waste Management II (3-0)3**

Waste minimization and resource recovery, thermal conversion technologies. Biological and chemical conversion technologies. Recycling of waste materials. Strategies for selecting the proper mix of technologies.

**KYM529 Process Control II (3-0)3**

Advanced control systems. Analysis and design of advanced control systems, design of control systems for multivariable processes, adaptive control, robust control.

**KYM530 Environmental Impact Assessment (3-0)3**

Importance of environmental impact assessment. Environmental laws and regulations. Elements of environmental impact assessment. Environmental impact assessment methodologies. Generalized approach for environmental impact assessment. National and international perspectives on environmental impact assessment. Public participation, energy and environmental impact assessment. Contemporary issues in environmental impact assessment.

**KYM531 Fluidization (3-0)3**

Principles of fluidization. Heat and mass transfer in fluidized beds. Advanced design principles of fluidized bed reactors. Adsorption, desorption, channelling, solid recovery, stability, particle size reduction and solid regeneration.

**KYM532 Petroleum Refinery Engineering (3-0)3**

Refinery operations. Separation processes. Entrained and fluidized beds pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming polymerization, alkylation, hydrogenation. Clay and acid treating and extraction techniques.

**KYM533 Multicomponent Distillation (3-0)3**

Calculations and concepts involved in multicomponent distillation. Solution of material balance and equilibrium relationships for conventional distillation column, analysis for conventional columns. Complex columns. Efficiency calculations.

**KYM534 Coal Technology (3-0)3**

Coal classification systems. Physical and chemical properties of coal. Liquid-solid and gas-solid oxidation reactions. Behaviours of coal at elevated temperatures. Beneficiation, carbonization, combustion, gasification and liquefaction techniques of coal. Equipments in coal technology; Environmental aspects of coal utilization.

**KYM535 Petrochemical Technology (3-0)3**

Petroleum base chemical technology and petroleum alternatives as resource. Techniques and processes in Turkish Petrochemical Industry. New aspects and research in petrochemical industry.

**KYM536 Polymer Technology (3-0)3**

Chemistry of polymerization; radical chain, emulsion, ionic and copolymerization. Production and properties of some polymers which have industrial importance.

**KYM537 Pulp and Paper Technology (3-0)3**

Chemistry of wood, structure of lignin. Pulp resources and production. Equipments in the pulp industry.

**KYM538 Soil Base Technology (3-0)3**

Refractories and their properties. Raw materials and slurry preparation in ceramic industry. Cement, production and the role of additives. Reinforced by laboratory.

**KYM539 Data Analysis Techniques (3-0)3**

Probability. Statistics. Data fitting by linear and non-linear regression methods. Design of experiments. Factorial and fractional factorial designs, special experimental designs for parameter estimation and model discrimination. Applications in chemical engineering, process modelling with computer programming.

**KYM540 Combustion Technology(3-0)3**

Fuels used for combustion and specifications, burners and furnaces for coal, burners and furnaces for liquid fuels, burners and furnaces for gaseous fuels, steam generators, performance calculations, combustion generated air pollution.

**KYM541 Measuring and Control Systems (3-0)3**

Basic measuring systems, transducers and applications in process control systems, final control elements, computer control systems, level, pressure and flow control applications, programmable logic control systems.

**KYM542 Process Identification and Parameter Estimation (3-0)3
**Introduction to System Identification and Parameter Estimation, Process variables, Matrix and properties, Open and Closed Loop Systems, Single input – single output and Multivariable systems, System models and classification, Linear and nonlinear Models, Estimation of Model Parameters, Least squares method, Recursive least squares method, Selection of system identification methods, Model validity, Computer algorithm for model parameter estimation

**KYM543 Water Pollution Control and Coastal Engineering (3-0)3**

Various aspects and problems of water pollution, sources and types of pollutants, fundamental concepts of pollutant transport, near-field and far-field mixing of pollutants, sea outfall design, numerical models in pollution control, coastal pollution control.

**KYM544 Self Tuning Control Systems (3-0)3**

Combines system and signal models, parameter estimation, computational alternatives for recursive parameter estimation, self-tuning PID control strategies, minimum variance control strategies, predictive control strategies, computational examples.

**KYM545 Applied Numerical Analysis (3-0)3**

Numerical solution of partial differential equations, the laplacian operator in three dimensions, finite, element method, parabolic partial differential equations, hyperbolic partial differential equations, the wave equation in two space dimensions, curve fitting and approximation of functions.

**KYM546 Solid-Liquid Systems (3-0)3**

General definition and classification of solid-liquid systems. Solid-liquid mixing. Suspension of solid particles. Dispersion of fine particles in liquid media. Non-Newtonian rheology. Principles of particle transport. Filtration in solid-liquid separation. Settling and sedimentation in solid-liquid separation

**KYM547 Industrial Raw Materials (3-0)3**

Nonmetallic industrial raw materials. Raw materials using in ceramic; clays, structures and properties, technological investigation, processes on clays. Production of the traditional ceramics, refractories, cement and glass production. Raw materials using in chemistry, adsorption process, importance of the clays in purification waste water, usage as catalyst and fuller’s earth. Metallic industrial raw materials, organic industrial raw materials.

**KYM548 Supercritical Fluid Technology (3-0)3**

Supercritical fluid definition, properties, choosing. Separation processes by supercritical extraction; equilibrium relation, operation of the process. Effect of entrainer, applications and economy. Bioseparation. Thermophysical property data for supercritical extraction process. Mass transfer in supercritical extraction process. Design of supercritical extraction process. Potential applications in near critical and supercritical fluids. Reactions with supercritical fluids.

**KYM549 Multiphase Reactors (3-0)3**

Gaz-sıvı-katı sistemlerine giriş, gaz-sıvı-katı tepkimeleri, çok fazlı reaktör tipleri ve endüstriyel örnekler Çok fazlı reaktörlerin tasarım yöntemi ve tasarım parametreleri. Çok fazlı reaktörlerde taşınım dirençleri, hidrodinamiği, işletim şekli ve akış rejimleri. Kalma süresi dağılımı analizi. Çok fazlı reaktörlerin modellenmesi ve tasarımı.

**KYM601-699 Special Topics in Chemical Engineering (8-0)8**

Interpretation and discussion of recent advances in chemical engineering.